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Data Reduction for Maximum Matching on Real-World Graphs: Theory and Experiments

André Nichterlein (TU Berlin)


Finding a maximum-cardinality or maximum-weight matching in (edge-weighted) undirected graphs is among the most prominent problems of algorithmic graph theory. For n-vertex and m-edge graphs, the best known algorithms run in O(m√n) time. We build on recent theoretical work focusing on linear time data reduction rules for finding maximum-cardinality matchings and complement the theoretical results by presenting and analyzing (thereby employing the kernelization methodology of parameterized complexity analysis) new (near-)linear-time data reduction rules for both the unweighted and the positive-integer-weighted case. Moreover, we experimentally demonstrate that these data reduction rules provide significant speedups of the state-of-the art implementations for computing matchings in real-world graphs: the average speedup factor is 4.7 in the unweighted case and 12.72 in the weighted case.


André Nichterlein
TEL 512

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